New communication technologies
New technologies refer to all new media that, in recent years, have facilitated the flow of information (Internet, digital videodisc [DVD], laptop computers and all the technological devices that serve to produce, develop and Carry out the communication).
As far as the media is concerned, new technologies have enabled the existence of digital newspapers, Internet advertising, music and video broadcasting without the need for radio or sound equipment, as well as communication Between people from different countries with a much lower economic cost than conventional telephone services. A notable effect that new technologies have had on the media has been to make use of the handwritten means of communication (i.e., letters and messages being sent from one side to the other by means of the postal service) has dwindled Greatly.
Talking about new media means referring to the Internet, the electronic media and all forms of communication derived from these media, which have revolutionized the information and communication processes as they grow by leaps and bounds In the whole world. Although in Colombia the history of the new media is quite short, it has already begun to feel and understand its enormous influence.
Before they had the enormous impact on the social structure that today and for a few decades have, both the Internet and the electronic communication took to develop and mature; However, once they succeeded, and despite the large number of criticisms, it has become clear that these means recover certain aspects of oral societies, such as the simultaneity of action, perception and reaction; They have also made the sensory experience once again an essential form of communication, although in a different way than previously understood, because physical contact between people is no longer needed to feel the body and the sensations of the other: Electronic communication does not think about the physical limitations of time or space (an example of this are electronic messages, which in addition to being the most common form in Colombia and the whole world of using electronic media, can be written and read by Many people no matter where they are located.
It is the interconnection of different computer networks at global level, all computers that are connected to this world network, can connect with any other computer that is also connected. That is why we can easily access computer networks of companies, educational institutes, officials, etc. The need to interconnect between different computer networks, was born in the United States, when the Department of Defense decided to have a network of communications that could be operated from different sites in a safe way, this creation was called ARPA, Which connected computers located in different places, although they worked under different operating systems. To make this communication possible, it was necessary to develop codes called Protocols, which were in charge of Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn who presented their creation in 1973, seeing its functionality, this connection ceased to be of strict use Military and began to link different educational and research centers. A short time later, networks belonging to European bodies were joined, starting the connection called World Wide Web in 1990. Currently this type of connection is not only used for educational or research purposes, it is an important commercial tool where any company can present its products or services and in some cases visitors can access them by Means of online shopping.
The internet arrives in Colombia in 1993 thanks to the need of the Universidad de los Andes to remain connected with other universities in other countries that decided that they would only exchange data over the Internet. This entity took the necessary costs to initiate this type of connection in our country, time after other universities were linked to the project. Telecom, was the telecommunications company who led commercially the coverage of the internet nationwide, throwing to the general public in 1998, the first Internet connections were made through telephone lines, so in the 2001 was regulated The same rate to make it easier to access this communication network.